ABG Arterial blood gas
ABSSSI Acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections
ACCM American College of Critical Care Medicine
ACE Angiotensin-converting enzyme
ACEI Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
Acetyl-CoA Acetylcoenzyme A
ACh Acetylcholine
ACS Acute coronary syndrome
ACT Activated clotting time
ACTH Adrenocorticotropic hormone
ADCC Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity
ADH Antidiuretic hormone
ADHD Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
ADL Activities of daily living
ADP Adenosine diphosphate
AEDs Antiepileptic drugs
AF Atrial fibrillation
AFl Atrial flutter
AHF Antihemophilic factor
AHH Aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase
AIDS Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
AIMS Abnormal involuntary movement scale
AIS Adenocarcinoma in situ
AITD Autoimmune thyroid disorder
AK Actinic keratosis
ALA Aminolevulinic acid
ALL Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
ALP Alkaline phosphatase
ALT Alanine aminotransferase
AML Acute myelocytic leukemia
AMP Adenosine monophosphate
ANA Antinuclear antibody
ANC Absolute neutrophil count
ANCA Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody
Anti-HBs Anti-hepatitis B surface antigen
APC Activated protein C
APL Acute promyelocytic leukemia
APOB Apolipoprotein B
APTT Activated partial thromboplastin time
ARA-U Arabinosyluracil
ARB Angiotensin receptor blocker
ARDS Adult respiratory distress syndrome
ART Assisted Reproductive Technology
AS Ankylosing spondylitis
ASA Acetylsalicylic acid
ASHP American Society of Health-System Pharmacists
ASM Aggressive systemic mastocytosis
AST Aspartate aminotransferase
AT Angiotensin II receptor
ATC Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical
AT-III Antithrombin III
ATP Adenosine triphosphate
ATPase Adenosine triphosphatase
AUC Area under (the) curve
AV Atrioventricular
AVP Arginine vasopressin
BCC Basal cell carcinoma
BCG Bacillus Calmette Guérin
BH4 Tetrahydrobiopterin
BIG Botulism immune globulin
BMD Bone mineral density
BMI Body mass index
BMP Bone morphogenetic protein
BMT Bone marrow transplant
BP Blood pressure
BPH Benign prostatic hyperplasia
bpm Beats per minute
BUN Blood urea nitrogen
BZD Benzodiazepine
CABG Coronary artery bypass graft
CABP Community-acquired bacterial pneumonia
CAD Coronary artery disease
CAMP Childhood asthma management program
cAMP Cyclic adenosine monophosphate
CAP Community-acquired pneumonia
CAPD Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
CAPS Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes
CAS Chemical Abstract Service
CBC Complete blood count
C-CRM197 Meningococcal Group C-Cross-reacting material 197
CD Cluster of differentiation
CDAD Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea
CDC Centers for Disease Control
cDNA Complementary DNA
CEL Chronic eosinophilic leukemia
CFCs Chlorofluorocarbons
cGMP Cyclic guanosine monophosphate
CHD Coronary heart disease
CHF Congestive heart failure
CHO Chinese hamster ovary
CIAS1 Cold-induced auto-inflammatory syndrome-1
CIN Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
CK Creatine kinase
CrCl Creatinine clearance
Cmax Maximum concentration
CKD Chronic kidney disease
COMT Catechol-O-methyltransferase
COX Cyclooxygenase
CPK-MB Creatine phosphokinase, muscle band
CPTP Cyclopentyltriazolopyrimidines
CLL Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
CML Chronic myelogenous leukemia
CMV Cytomegalovirus
CNS Central nervous system
CO Carbon monoxide
CO2 Carbon dioxide
COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CoQ10 Coenzyme Q10
COS Controlled ovarian stimulation
COX Cyclooxygenase
CPK Creatine phosphokinase
CPP Central precocious puberty
CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRE cAMP response element
CRH Corticotropin-releasing hormone
CRM197 Cross-reacting material 197
CRP C-reactive protein
CSA Cyclosporine A
CSF Cerebrospinal fluid
CT Computed tomography
CTCL Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma
CVA Cerebrovascular accident
CVD Cardiovascular disease
CVP Central venous pressure
CYP Cytochrome P450
D1, D2, D3 Dopamine receptors
DBP Diastolic blood pressure
DC Direct current
DD Drug dependence
DHA Dihydroxyacetone
DHFR Dihydrofolate reductase
DIC Disseminated intravascular coagulation
DKA Diabetic ketoacidosis
DLco Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide
DMARD Disease-modifying antirheumatic drug
DMSO Dimethyl sulfoxide
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid
dNTP Deoxynucleotide triphosphate
DPP Dipeptidyl peptidase
DPPC Dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine
DRESS Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic signs
DVT Deep venous thrombosis
DxW Dextrose x% in water
EBV Epstein-Barr virus
ECL Enterochromaffin-like
ECG Electrocardiogram
EDTA Ethylenediaminetetra acetic acid
EE Erosive esophagitis
EF Ejection fraction
EEG Electroencephalogram
EENT Eyes, ears, nose and throat
EGF Epidermal growth factor
EGFR Epidermal growth factor receptor
EIA Enzyme immunoassay
ELISA Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EMS Eosinophilia myalgia syndrome
ENL Erythema nodosum leprosum
EPA Eicosapentaenoic acid
EpCAM Epithelial cell adhesion molecule
EPS Extrapyramidal symptoms
ERT Enzyme replacement therapy
ESA Erythropoiesis-stimulating agent
ESBLs Extended spectrum β-lactamases
ESR Erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESRD End-stage renal disease
ET Embryo transfer
ETA , ETA Endothelin A/B
FCAS Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome
FCC Fluid catalytic cracking
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FEV1 Forced expiratory volume in 1 second
FGFR Fibroblast growth factor receptor
FSH Follicle-stimulating hormone
FTI Free thyroxine index
FUDR-MP Floxuridine monophosphate
FVC Forced vital capacity
FVIII: C Factor VIII coagulant activity
G6PD Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
GABA Gamma-aminobutyric acid
GABA-T Gamma-aminobutyric acid transaminase
GAD Generalized anxiety disorders
Gb-3 Globotriaosylceramide
GBq Gigabecquerel
G-CSF Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
GDM Gestational diabetes mellitus
GE Gastroesophageal
GERD Gastroesphageal reflux disease
GFR Glomerular filtration rate
GH Growth hormone
GI Gastrointestinal
GIFT Gamete intrafallopian transfer
GIP Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide
GLP-1 Glucagon-like peptide 1
GMP Guanosine monophosphate
GnRH Gonadotropin-releasing hormone
GP Glycoprotein
GRF Growth hormone releasing factor
GU Genitourinary
GX Glycinexylidide
H+/K+-ATPase Hydrogen/potassium adenosine triphosphatase
H1 Histamine 1
HAART Highly active antiretroviral therapy
HACA Human antichimeric antibody
HACEK Haemophilus parainfluenzae, Haemophilus aphrophilus, and Haemophilus paraphrophilus, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Cardiobacterium hominis, Eikenella corrodens, and Kingella kingae
HAE Hereditary angioedema
HAMA Human antimouse antibody
HARAs Human anti-rat antibodies
HbeAg Hepatitis Be-Antigen
HBIG Hepatitis B immune globulin
HBsAg Hepatitis B surface antigen
HBV Hepatitis B virus
hCG Human chorionic gonadotropin
HCM Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
HCV Hepatitis C virus
HD Hemodialysis
HDL High-density lipoprotein
HDL-C High-density lipoprotein-cholesterol
HES Hypereosinophilic syndrome
HF Heart failure
HgbA1c Glycosylated hemoglobin
HIAA Hydroxy-indole-acetic acid
HIF Hypoxia inducible factors
HIV Human immunodeficiency virus
HMG-CoA 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl Coenzyme A
HMW High molecular weight
HPA Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal
HPV Human papillomavirus
HR1 First heptad-repeat
HSC Hematopoietic stem cells
HSCT Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant
HSTCL Hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma
HSV Herpes simplex virus
HT Hereditary tyrosinemia
HTBZ Hydroxytetrabenazine
HUS Hemolytic uremic syndrome
I/O Input and output
I.M. Intramuscular
I.T. Intrathecal
I.V. Intravenous
I/D, Ins/Del Insertion/Deletion
IBW Ideal body weight
IC50 Inhibitory concentration of 50%
ICD Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
ICP Intracranial pressure
ICSI Intracytoplasmic sperm injection
ICU Intensive care unit
IDDM Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
IFIS Intraoperative floppy iris syndrome
IFN Interferon
Ig Immunoglobulin
IGF-1 Insulin-like growth factor 1
IGFBP Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein
IGFD Insulin-like growth factor deficiency
IGIV Immune globulin intravenous
IKr Rectifier potassium current
IL Interleukin
ILD Interstitial lung disorder
INa Inward sodium current
INR International normalized ratio
IOL Intraocular lens
IOP Intraocular pressure
IPA Inhibition of platelet aggregation
iPTH Intact parathyroid hormone
ITP Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
IU International unit
IUGR Intrauterine growth retardation
IVF in vitro fertilization
KOH Potassium hydroxide
KS Kaposi’s sarcoma
LAIV Live attenuated influenza vaccine
LDH Lactic dehydrogenase
LDL Low-density lipoprotein
LDL-C Low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol
LEMS Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome
Lf Limit of flocculation
LFA Leukocyte functional antigen
LFT Liver function test
LGS Lennox-Gastaut syndrome
LH Luteinizing hormone
LHRH Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone
LMW Low molecular weight
LMWH Low molecular weight heparin
LSD Lysosomal storage disease
LT Leukotriene
LV Left ventricle
LVEF Left ventricular ejection fraction
LVH Left ventricular hypertrophy
MAO Monoamine oxidase
MAOI Monoamine oxidase inhibitor
MAP Mean arterial pressure
MBq Megabecquerel
MCHC Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
mCi Millicurie
MCV Mean corpuscular volume
MCV4 Meningococcal conjugate vaccine
MDD Major depressive disorder
MDRSP Multi-drug resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae
MDS Myelodysplastic syndrome
MEGX Monoethylglycinexylidide
MEN Multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome
mEq Milliequivalent
MI Myocardial infarction
MIC Minimal inhibitory concentration
mm Hg Millimeters of mercury
MM Multiple myeloma
MMF Mycophenolate mofetil
mmol Millimole
MPA Mycophenolic acid
MPAG Mycophenolic acid glucuronide
MPD Myeloproliferative disease
MPS Mucopolysaccharidosis
MPSV4 Meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine
MRI Magnetic resonance imaging
MRSA Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
ms Millisecond
MS Multiple sclerosis
MSSA Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococus aureus
MT Melatonin
MTB Mycobacterium tuberculosis
MTC Medullary thyroid carcinoma
MTHFR Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase
mTOR Mammalian target of rapamycin
MW Molecular weight
MWS Muckle-Wells Syndrome
NADH Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, oxidized form
NADPH Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, reduced form
NAG N-acetylglutamate
NAGS N-acetylglutamate synthase
Nd YAG: Neodymium-doped yttrium
aluminum garnet
NDDI Norepinephrine-dopamine disinhibitor
NEP Neutral endopeptidases
NERD Non-erosive reflux disease
NHL Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
NIDDM Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NK Natural killer cell
NK1 Neurokinin 1
NMDA N-methyl D-aspartate
NMS Neuroleptic malignant syndrome
NNRTI Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
nonHDL-C Non-high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol
NPH insulin Neutral protamine hagedorn
NRTI Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
NS Normal saline
NSAIA Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent
NSAID Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NSCLC Non-small cell lung cancer
NSTEMI non-ST elevation myocardial infarction
NYHA New York Heart Association
OCD Obsessive-compulsive disorder
ODV O-desmethylvenlafaxine
OHSS Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
OMPC Outer membrane protein complex
OTC Over the counter
PABA p-Aminobenzoic acid
PAF Platelet aggregating factor
PAH Phenylalanine hydroxylase
PaO2 Partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood
PAP Pulmonary artery pressure
PBG Porphobilinogen
PBPC Peripheral blood progenitor cell
PBPs Penicillin-binding proteins
PCA Postconceptional age
PCI Percutaneous coronary intervention
pCO2 Partial pressure of carbon dioxide
PCOD Polycystic ovarian disease
PCOS Polycystic ovarian syndrome
PCP Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
PCWP Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
PDA Patent ductus arteriosus
PDD Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
PDE-5 Phosphodiesterase type 5
PDGF Platelet-derived growth factor
PDGFR Platelet-derived growth factor receptor
PE Pulmonary embolism
PEG Polyethylene glycol
PEMA Phenylethylmalonamide
PFU Plaque-forming unit
PG Prostaglandin
P-gp P-glycoprotein
pH Potential of hydrogen
Ph+ Philadelphia chromosome-positive
Ph+ ALL Philadelphia-positive acute lymphocytic leukemia
Ph- ALL Philadelphia chromosome-acute lymphoblastic leukemia
PI Protease inhibitor
PKU Phenylketonuria
PLATO Platelet inhibition and patient outcomes
PML Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
PML-RAR-α Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy-retinoic acid receptor alpha
PMN Polymorphonuclear
PNE Primary nocturnal enuresis
PNH Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
pO2 Partial Pressure of oxygen
post-ACS Post-acute coronary syndrome
PPD Purified protein derivative
PPI Proton pump inhibitor
PpIX Protoporphyrin IX
ppm Parts per million
PRCA Pure red cell aplasia
PsA Psoriatic arthritis
PSA Prostate-specific antigen
PSVT Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
PT Prothrombin time
PTCA Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PTCL Peripheral T-cell lymphoma
PTH Parathyroid hormone
PTHrP Parathyroid hormone-related protein
PTT Partial thromboplastin time
PUVA Psoralen plus ultraviolet light of A wavelength
PVC Premature ventricular contraction
PVD Peripheral vascular disease
PVR Pulmonary vascular resistance
RA Rheumatoid arthritis
RANKL Receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand
RAP Right atrial pressure
RBC Red blood cell
RDA Recommended dietary allowance
rDNA Recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid
RDS Respiratory distress syndrome
Rh Rhesus
RLS Restless legs syndrome
RNA Ribonucleic acid
RPE Retinal pigment epithelium
RPR Rapid plasma reagin
RSV Respiratory syncytial virus
RUQ Right upper quadrant
RXR Retinoid X receptor
SA Sinoatrial
SAMe S-adenosylmethionine
sBCC Superficial basal cell carcinoma
SBECD Sulfobutylether-β-cyclodextrin
SBP Systolic blood pressure
SCCM Society of Critical Care Medicine
SCD Sickle cell disease
SCF Stem cell factor
Scr Serum creatinine
SDS-PAGE Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
SERM Selective estrogen receptor modulator
SGOT Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase
SGPT Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase
SHBG Sex hormone-binding globulin
SIADH Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
SIRS Systemic inflammatory response syndrome
SJS Stevens-Johnson syndrome
SLE Systemic lupus erythematosus
SNRI Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor
SRS-A Slow-reacting substance of anaphylaxis
SS Serotonin syndrome
SSRI Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
ST Sinus tachycardia
STEMI ST-elevation myocardial infarction
STIs Sexually transmitted infections
SubQ Subcutaneous
SVR Systemic vascular resistance
SVT Supraventricular tachycardia
SWFI Sterile water for injection
T3 Triiodothyronine
T4 Thyroxine
TB Tuberculosis
TC Total cholesterol
TCA Tricyclic antidepressant
TCID50 Tissue culture infective dose
Td Tetanus-diphtheria
Tg Thyroglobulin
TG Triglycerides
TIA Transient ischemic attack
TIBC Total iron binding capacity
TK Tyrosine kinases
TMA Trimethylamine
TMAO Trimethylamine N-oxide
Tmax Time to maximum plasma concentration
TMP-SMX Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole
TNF Tumor necrosis factor
TPA Tissue plasminogen activator
TPGS Tocopherol polyethylene glycol succinate
TPMT Thiopurine methyltransferase
TPO Thrombopoietin
tRNA Transfer RNA
TSH Thyroid-stimulating hormone
TST Tuberculin skin test
TT Thrombin time
TTP Thrombocytopenia purpura
TU Tuberculin unit
UDP Uridine diphosphate
UGT UDP-Glucuronosyltransferase
ULN Upper limit of normal
UPG Uroporphyrinogen
URI Upper respiratory infection
UTI Urinary tract infection
UTR Untranslated region
UV Ultraviolet
v/v Volume of dissolved substance per volume of solvent
VaIN Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia
Vd Volume of distribution
Vdss Volume of distribution at steady state
VF Ventricular fibrillation
VIN Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia
VLDL Very low-density lipoprotein
VLDL-C Very low density lipoprotein-cholesterol
VLPs Virus-like particles
VOD Veno-occlusive disease
VRE Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus
Vss Volume of distribution, apparent
VT Ventricular tachycardia
VTE Venous thromboembolism
vWF von Willebrand factor
vWF RCof: Ristocetin cofactor, vWF activity
VZV Varicella zoster virus
w/v Weight in volume
w/w Weight in weight
WBC White blood cell
WFI Water for injection
WHO World Health Organization
WPW Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome
XO Xanthine oxidase
α1-PI α1-Proteinase Inhibitor
β-hCG Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
γ-GT Gamma-glutamyltransferase
γ-GTP Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase
(d) discontinued, suspended or withdrawn drugs